This unit is about the history and development of Melbourne. During this unit students investigate the people who make up the Kulin Nation, in particular the Wurundjeri and the Boon Wurrung and their role as traditional landowners of the area we now know as Melbourne. They will find out about significant people and events that have contributed to Melbourne’s continuing story. They will identify changes that have occurred, and the effects of these changes on the people and the land. They will begin to consider why it is important to remember and preserve stories and artefacts from the past.
How have changes in Melbourne affected the lives of people?
From the Yarra Healing website: essential learnings.
About the Kulin Nation
When Europeans first settled the Port Phillip region it was already occupied by five Aboriginal language groups. These groups spoke a related language and were part of the KULIN (Koolin) nation of peoples. The people are:
Each of these groups consisted of up to six or more land-owning units called clans that spoke a related language and were connected through cultural and mutual interests, totems, trading initiatives and marriage ties.
Traditionally, the Kulin lived as hunters and gatherers for many generations. Seasonal changes in the weather and availability of foods would determine where campsites were located.
When developing units of work on this particular topic, the following learnings need to be considered:
Chapman, H, and Stillman, J, 2005, Melbourne Then and Now, Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, California
Eidelson, M, The Melbourne Dreaming: A guide to the Aboriginal places of Melbourne, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra, 1997. This book is helpful for teachers in building local background information, as well as identifying local places that could be incorporated into an excursion.
Presland, G, Aboriginal Melbourne: The lost land of the Kulin people, Harriland Press, Forest Hill, Australia, 2001. This book is helpful for teachers in building background information about the history of the Aboriginal people around the Melbourne area.
Wheatley, N. My Place, Kane/Miller Books, 1994
www.yarrahealing.melb.catholic.edu.au The Yarra Healing website contains information about the 5 language groups that make up the Kulin Nation. It also contains descriptions of boundaries, stories about the language groups told by Elders and Dreamtime stories relating to the formation of particular landmarks such as the Yarra River.
www.museumvictoria.com.au/marvellous/index.asp contains a simply written history of Melbourne from 1835 onwards with paintings and photographs.
www.whitehat.com.au/melbourne/History/HistoryM.asp contains historical details regarding the early settlement of Melbourne
www.australianscreen.com.au Film clips of early Melbourne can be found on this website. Good clips for giving students a visual image of aspects of Melbourne include:
www.museumvictoria.com.au/MelbourneMuseum/WhatsOn/Current-Exhibitions/MelbourneStory/Favourite-Objects/ Features photographs and video clips about artefacts featured in the Melbourne Story exhibition at the Melbourne Museum.
www.emhs.org.au/gallery/early_melbourne East Melbourne Historical Society. This site contains pictures from early settlement days in Melbourne.
www.onlymelbourne.com.au This site contains a timeline showing Significant dates and events/Melbourne, note the amount of times the Yarra River has flooded. Also of interest is the Google Earth Alphabet made up of sites in Victoria.
www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/rsrc/PDFs/History/Historydates.pdf Another website citing key dates but only from 1835 onwards.
www.walkingmelbourne.com/city.html contains a brief overview of Melbourne and some good photographs of Melbourne today and in the past.
www.vaeai.org.au/regions/index.html You can find your Local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Consultative Group (LAECG) through the VAEAI website.
Photographs from the above websites. Families may also have some photographs of Melbourne or the local areas showing changes over time.